All dogs, from tiny terriers to massive mastiffs, are creatures with a simple way of viewing the world.
We’ve deciphered those ways of thinking so you can judge whether a piece of training advice is likely to work. You’ll be able to see whether it fits with the two core training mechanisms and the details that decide whether it will succeed.
With this knowledge, you will see why force and punishments aren’t needed for training good behavior. Instead, you can train your dog through positive reinforcement and even identify when you might be accidentally encouraging bad behavior.